Japanese | English



フルテキストURLC070012000002.pdf ( 1.3MB ) 公開日 2010-12-10
タイトルMartin AmisのMoney : A Suicide Note (1984)における主人公の不思議な時間感覚
タイトルヨミMartin Amis ノ Money: A Suicide Note 1984 ニオケル シュジンコウ ノ フシギ ナ ジカン カンカク
タイトル別表記The Hero's Strange Sense of Time in Martin Amis's Money: A Suicide Note (1984)
作成者正宗, 聡
作成者ヨミマサムネ, サトシ
作成者別表記Masamune, Satoshi
内容記述(抄録等)This paper focuses on why the hero of Martin Amis's Money, John Self, manifests an unusual sense of the passage time. There are two reasons behind this: an empirical factor and a factor related to the hero's act of narration. Amis's text mediates a sense of radical change, change that is viewed most powerfully in New York during the 1980s, from the British perspective of Self, through which Amis's attitude to this change emerges as negative. What also emerges in Amis's text is the victory of narrative over narrator. Self, as the narrator of his suicide note, is trapped by the narrative; in narrating, he evinces no personal autonomy. There is a conflict between narrative and narrator, and the narrative wins, thus articulating its autonomy. With respect to the empirical factor, Self’s sense of the passage of time is altered by the changes taking place in contemporary society, and this is related, in turn, to the lack of appropriate motivation that S elf feels for his conduct. With the exception of money, a spring for action that is only vaguely recognized by Self; Self manifests no sense of purpose behind what he does. In this context, Self looks up at the bright, clear sky above New York, seeking to obtain consent from God for his actions. At times, he seems to be convinced that his actions are an expression of God's intent; at other times his skepticism with respect to his way of life appears strong. When feeling confident, Self appears satisfied with finding no other grounds for his acts than the acts themselves. In A Grammar of Motives, Kenneth Burke makes an argument with respect to certain forms of human action that pertains to Selfs understanding of his motives. Burke bases his argument on the idea of pantheism, according to which God's intentions are equal to those of his created creatures, and he uses the act of Creation to support this claim. Selfs sense of rapid time passage can be understood within the context of this argument. Some of his acts do not appear to be reflected upon until after the action has been completed. Thus, regarding the act after the fact, a sense of time having passed instantaneously will come to the fore, given that there has been no experience of a time gap between premeditation of an action and realization. This constitutes the basis of the analysis of the protagonist's unusual sense of time perception from an empirical viewpoint in relation to Self. As noted above, this paper also suggests that Selfs self-same narrative mediates his position in relation to time perception, as created by the act of narration. Given that his narrative controls what he has to say, or to be more exact, is what he has to say, it is natural that he should feel time pass by quickly, with no sense of his autonomy, even if the act of narration belongs to him. Under such primacy of the narrative over the narrator with respect to the former's construction, Self s consciousness emerges as disembodied, separated from the narrative, while Self has been identified with the narrative. It is important to note here, though, that consciousness of Self is constituted in its representation in the narrative, which is nothing but the remaining trace of Self. Consequently, although Selfs intimate address to the person who reads his note is apparent here and there in the suicide note, the overpowering narrative voice belongs to the implied author. In this respect, the problem concerning the identity of Self, i.e., whether it is invaded by Martin Amis, comes to nothing, because the voice belongs to the text. Through this investigation, this paper concludes that Amis's text counters the idea that narrative is at our disposal, even if, in the postmodern age, it has been freed from that which was supposed to exist beyond it.
出版者ヨミヤマグチ ダイガク テツガク ケンキュウカイ
掲載誌名別表記The philosophical studies of Yamaguchi University