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フルテキストURLC080049000003.pdf ( 1018.6KB ) 公開日 2015-06-22
タイトル総称文研究の新展開 (宮崎充保教授退職記念号)
タイトルヨミソウショウブン ケンキュウ ノ シンテンカイ ミヤザキ ミツヤス キョウジュ タイショク キネンゴウ
タイトル別表記A new development in the study of generic sentences
作成者岩部, 浩三
作成者ヨミイワベ, コウゾウ
作成者別表記Iwabe, Kozo
作成者所属山口大学人文学部
内容記述(抄録等)Sara-Jane Leslie, who is a professor of Philosophy at Princeton University, is presenting a new framework for the study of generic sentences. Generic sentences like "tigers are striped", "ducks lay eggs", and "sharks attack bathers" are all acceptable as generalizations. But, as is well known, it is difficult to give a semantic account for these sentences, since their apparent truth conditions are very different from each other: All normal tigers are striped, less than half of the ducks lay eggs, and very few sharks attack bathers. Leslie shows that generic sentences are based on the default generalization, which is non-quantificational in nature, and that children acquire them earlier than the explicit quantifiers like all or some. I certainly agree with Leslie's claim that children easily develop the ability of non-quantificational default generalization. But generic sentences are actually not uniform. Specifically, the subjects of generic sentences have three different forms in English: the indefinite singular, the definite singular, and the bare plural. I assume that the variety of generic sentences reflects the dual aspect of the human cognitive capacity, and propose that while some of the generic sentences are non-quantificational, the others are definitely quantificational. Although there has been a long controversy between quantificational and non-quantificational approaches to generic sentences, I believe that they will naturally reconcile in the framework of Leslie's. In this paper, I will assort issues to solve and try to sketch the way to the goal.
本文言語jpn
資料タイプtext
ファイル形式application/pdf
出版者山口大学人文学部・教育学部・経済学部・工学部・留学生センター
出版者ヨミヤマグチ ダイガク ジンブン ガクブ キョウイク ガクブ ケイザイ ガクブ コウガクブ リュウガクセイ センター
NII資料タイプ紀要論文
ISSN0288-2396
NCIDAN00021380
学内刊行物(紀要等)英語と英米文学
掲載誌名英語と英米文学
掲載誌名別表記English and English-American literature
49
開始ページ1
終了ページ18
発行日2014-12-20
著者版/出版社版出版社版
リポジトリIDC080049000003
地域区分山口大学
URIhttp://www.lib.yamaguchi-u.ac.jp/yunoca/handle/C080049000003